Most cases are due to issues in the testes leading to deficient sperm production. A small percentage of cases are due to conditions affecting the hormone production or genetics, and about 5% are due to a problem with transportation of sperm as they exit the testes during ejaculation. Also, some men with infertility may have no clear cause or abnormality.
Medical history is important in evaluating infertility. Factors include childhood growth and development as well as sexual development during puberty. Additional details concerning sexual history, prior illnesses, infections, and surgeries — as well as medications and exposure to various environmental elements — are also important to identify.
To help reach a diagnosis, your doctor may perform or recommend any of the following:
AHN offers multiple treatments — surgical and nonsurgical — depending on the cause of infertility.
Nonsurgical treatments may include medications, lifestyle changes, or hormone treatments.
Surgical treatments may correct a defect or remove a blockage. Common surgical procedures include vasectomy reversal, blockage removal, and repair of an enlarged vein.
Assisted reproductive technologies
Available through a multidisciplinary approach with your urologist and a reproductive endocrinologist, these can include:
In many cases, male infertility is treatable. If you’re struggling with infertility, make an appointment as soon as possible.