Cardiovascular Institute

Heart Valve Disease

Your heart has four chambers, and each one has its own valve, which blood passes through before leaving its chamber. The valves keep your blood flowing in the correct direction as they open and close once during each heartbeat.

Sometimes the valves become diseased, and they don’t open or close properly, which disturbs the blood flow through your heart to the rest of your body. This can lead to serious complications, including heart failure, atrial fibrillation and pulmonary hypertension

There are two types of heart valve disease:

  • Stenosis is when your valve opening becomes narrowed. Your heart then has to pump blood with increased pressure in order to move blood through the valve.
  • Regurgitation occurs when your valve does not close completely, causing blood to flow backward through the valve and into the heart. The condition also forces your heart to work harder to pump more blood on the next heartbeat.

In many patients, standard valve surgery is considered high risk, complex and unsafe. But through advancement at the Cardiovascular Institute, patients who previously had no treatment possibilities now have options for even the most complex valve disease.


Why the Cardiovascular Institute?

Expertise and teamwork
For more than half of a century, our heart physicians have been leaders in cardiac care. The Allegheny Health Network Cardiovascular Institute’s success rates for heart procedures exceed national averages and consistently rank among the best in in the region. We have been recognized as being among the best in the country by Thompson Reuters, U.S. News and World Report, and the American Heart Association.

Innovative, groundbreaking treatments
Treatments for heart disease have become more effective over the last several decades because of forward-thinking physicians with creative ideas. And CVI doctors help lead the way in developing and implementing these advances. We use cutting-edge diagnostic equipment and technology to find even the smallest heart abnormality, perform the most innovative techniques and surgeries to treat any heart condition, and use novel medications that treat your disease while maintaining your quality of life.

Personalized care and attention
At the Cardiovascular Institute, your care is all about you. We understand that every heart patient has different needs, circumstances and challenges and that no one treatment plan is suited for every patient. Our specialists collaborate to develop an in-depth medical strategy specific to each patient’s condition and situation. While receiving any heart-care service from us, this dedicated team works diligently to provide you with quality, compassionate and reassuring care.

Progressive research
We continually conduct new research that leads to even better ways to prevent, find and treat heart disease. Many of our patients are suitable candidates for these novel devices and clinical trials, giving them even more promising results for their heart health.

Care close to home
We know how important your time is, so we have made specialized heart care convenient for you to reach. Through our network’s seven hospitals and 20 outpatient cardiovascular offices, you can receive tests, treatments, procedures and overall heart care close to your home and in comfortable surroundings. 


Find out more about this specialty at a location near you.


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