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Kids ages 6 months and older are now eligible for COVID-19 vaccine. In June 2022, the FDA and CDC granted emergency use authorization for Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines in children ages 6 months to 5 years.


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Research is key to propel the field of medicine forward.  Fellows are given dedicated research time to participate in a variety of research projects during their  training period alongside the faculty.  Fellows partake in the formulation of hypotheses, development of research designs, submission of research proposals to the IRB,  and analyses of the results. Assistance with medical writing, research design and statistical analysis is provided through the Medicine Institute. 

If the fellow has a strong interest in research the fellow can participate in the research track.  This collaborative track would enable the fellow to be extremely well trained clinically and given a solid foundation in research to pursue a career as a clinical investigator.  


Fellow publications/abstracts 2018-2021


  1. Leap J, Arshad H, Obaid A, Cheema T, Balaan M. Pathophysiology of COPD. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly. 44(1):2-8, January/March 2021.
  2. Virani A, Baltaji S, Young M, DuMont T, Cheema T. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Diagnosis and GOLD Classification. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly. 44(1):9-18, January/March 2021.
  3. Gordon A, Young M, Bihler E, Cheema T. COPD Maintenance Pharmacotherapy. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly. 44(1):19-25, January/March 2021.
  4. Rabold E, Virani A, Arshad H, Cheema T. Nonpharmacological Therapies in COPD. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly. 44(1):26-32, January/March 2021.
  5. DiSilvio B, Baqdunes M, AlhajHusain A, Cheema T. Smoking Addiction and Strategies for Cessation. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly. 44(1):33-48, January/March 2021.
  6. Babar L, Bakalov V, Abel S, Ashraf O, Finley G, Raj M, Lundeen K, Monga D, Kirichenko A.  Wegner R. Retrospective review of total neoadjuvant Ashraf O, DiSilvio B, Young M, Ghosh S, Cheema T, Surgical Interventions for COPD. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly. 44(1):49-60, January/March 2021.
  7. Cheronis N, Rabold E; Singh A, Cheema T. Lung Transplantation in COPD. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly. 44(1):61-73, January/March 2021.
  8. Baqdunes M, Leap J, Young M, Kaura A, Cheema T. Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly. 44(1):74-90, January/March 2021.
  9. Villgran V, Gordon A, Malik K, Cheema T. Comorbidities Associated With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.  Critical Care Nursing Quarterly. 44(1):103-112, January/March 2021.
  10. Baltaji S, Cheronis N, Bajwa O, Cheema T. The Role of Palliative Care in COPD. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly. 44(1):113-120, January/March 2021.
  11. Young M, Villgran V, Ledgerwood C, Schmetzer A, Cheema T. Developing a Multidisciplinary Approach to the COPD Care Pathway. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly. 44(1):121-127, January/March 2021.
  12. Ashraf O, Virani A, Cheema T. COVID-19: An Update on the Epidemiological, Clinical, Preventive, and Therapeutic Management of 2019 Novel Coronavirus Disease. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly. 44(1):128-137, January/March 2021.
  13. Javed A, Nasrullah A, Malik K. A rare case of methamphetamine-induced lung injury during the ongoing COVID-19 Pandemic           . Cureus 13(2):e13215.Feb 8, 2021.
  14. Nasrullah A, Javed A, Malik K. Coronavirus Disease-Associated Pulmonary Aspergillosis: A Devastating Complication of COVID-19. Cureus 13(1): e13004. January 30, 2021.
  15. Walsh T, Bremmer D, Moffa M, Trienski T, Buchanan C, Stefano K, Hand C, Taylor T, Kasarda K, Shively N, Bhanot N, Cheronis N, DiSilvio B, Cho C, Carr D. Impact of an Antimicrobial Stewardship Program-bundled initiative utilizing Accelerate PhenoTM system in the management of patients with aerobic Gram-negative bacilli bacteremia. Infection. Springer-Verlag GmbH, DE part of Springer Nature 2021. Feb 2, 2021.
  16. Ogbebor O, Min Z, Cheema T, Bhanot N. Diagnostic Testing and Challenges. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly. 43(4):343-348, October/December 2020.
  17. Snawerdt J, Finoli L, Bremmer D, Cheema T, Bhanot N. Therapeutic Options. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly. 43(4):349-368, October/December 2020.
  18. Baltaji S, Ledgerwood C, Finoli L, Lyons C, Cheema T. Supportive management and interventions for Respiratory failure due to SARS-CoV-2. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly. 43(4):369-380, October/December 2020.
  19. Ashraf, O, Young M, Malik K, Cheema T. Systemic Complications of COVID-19. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly. 43(4):390-399, October/December 2020.
  20. Gordon A, Lyons C, Rao S, Finoli L. Health Care Workers' Challenges in the care of a COVID-19 Patient. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly. 43(4):400-406, October/December 2020.
  21. Rabold E, Rovnan H, Dumont T  Isolation Requirements and Personal Protective Equipment in the COVID-19 Pandemic. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly. 43(4):407-412, October/December 2020.
  22. DiSilvio B, Virani A, Patel S, Finoli L, Singh A, Dumont T, Cheema T. Institutional COVID-19 Protocols - Focused on Preparation, Safety and Care Consolidation. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly. 43(4):413-427, October/December 2020.
  23. Leap J, Villgran V, Cheema T.     COVID-19: Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, Transmission, Symptoms.   Crit Care Nurs Q. Oct/Dec 2020; 43(4):338-342.
  24. Chalikonda S, Waltenbaugh H, Angelilli S, Dumont T, Kvasager C, Sauber T, Servello N, Singh A, Diaz-Garcia R. Implementation of Elastomeric Mask Program as a Strategy to Eliminate Disposable N95 Mask Use and Resterilization:  Results from a Large Academic Medical Center. J Am Coll. Surg. 2020 Sept; 231(3):333-338.
  25. Cheema T, Young M, Rabold E, Barbieri A, Baldwin N, Steen V. Patient and Physicians Perspective on Sclerosis-Associated Interstitial Lung Disease. SAGA Journals. Clinical Medicine Insights: Circulatory, Respiratory and Pulmonary Medicine.  March, 2020.
  26. Virani A, Rabold E, Hanson T, Haag A, Elrufay R, Cheema T, Balaan M, Bhanot N. Guillain-Barre Syndrome Associated with SARS-CoV-2 Infection. ID Cases. 2020 Apr 18.
  27. Clark B, Baqdunes M, Kunkel G. Diet-induced oxalate nephropathy BMJ Case Reports CP2019.
  28. Babar L, Herman L, Ashraf O, Sethi A, Alvi Z, Finley G, Monga D, Schiffman S, Raj M. A retrospective analysis of factors affecting palliative care consult in patients undergoing cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC. Journal of Clinical Oncology 38, no.4 suppl (Feb. 1 2020) 815-815.
  29. Clark B, Baqdunes M, Kunkel G. Diet-induced oxalate nephropathy BMJ Case Reports CP2019.
  30. Singh A. Cheema T, Farah T. End-to-End Care for COPD Patients that improves outcomes and lowers costs. NEJM Catalyst. Case Study; Sept 12, 2019.
  31. Jho D, Young M, Xu C, Richter B. Pott’s Puffy Abscess: Moniker Change from Historical Misnomer of Pott’s Puffy Tumor. Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery. Case Reports & Case Series. Elsevier. Nov 2019.
  32. Virani A, Ma K, Leap J, Dumont T, Hertel J, Singh A, Cheema T. Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Definition, Causes and Pathophysiology. Crit Care Nurs. Quarterly. 42(4):344-348, October/December 2019.
  33. Young M, DiSilvio B, Rao S, Velliyattikuzhi S, Balaan M. Mechanical Ventilation. Crit Care Nurs Q. 42(4):392-399, October/December 2019.
  34. Gordon A, Rabold E, Thirumala R, AlhajHusain A, Patel S, Cheema T. Prone Positioning in ARDS. Crit Care Nurs Q. 42(4):371-375, October/December 2019.Naddour M, Patel K, Bajwa O, Kalani M, Cheema T. Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in ARDS. Crit Care Nurs Q. 42(4):400-410, Oct/December 2019.
  35. Leap J, Hill J, Patel K, Shah A, DuMont T. Paralytics, Sedation, and Steroids in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Crit Care Nurs Q. 42(4):376-391, Oct/Dec 2019.
  36. Shah A, Ma K, Bhanot N, AlhajHusain A, Cheema T. Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome from an Infectious Disease Perspective. Crit Care Nurs Q. 42(4)431-447, Oct/Dec 2019.
  37. Velliyattkuzhi S, Ma K, Bihler E, Sureshkumar K, Cheema T. Acute Kidney Injury in the Context of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Crit Care Nurs Q. 42(4)362-370, Oct/Dec 2019.
  38. Fu S, Thangavel S, Ivanova V. Cardiac Dysfunction in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Crit Care Nurs Q. 42(4)448-458, Oct/Dec 2019.
  39. DiSilvio B, Young M, Gordon A, Singh A, Malik K, Cheema T. Complications and Outcomes of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Crit Care Nurs Q. 42(4)349-361, Oct/Dec 2019.
  40. Patel K, Baltaji S, Rabold E, Malik K, Adurty R, Cheema T. Mimics of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Crit Care Nurs Q. 42(4):417-430. Oct/Dec 2019.
  41. Ma K, Patel K, Naddour M, Adurty R, AlhajHusain A, Cheema T. Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Novel Therapies. Crit Care Nurs Q. 42(4):411-416, Oct/Dec 2019
  42. Alhassan S, Bihler E, Patel K, Lavudi S, Young M, Balaan M. Assessment of the current D-dimer cutoff point in pulmonary embolism workup at a single institution: Retrospective study. J Postgrad Med. 2018 Jul-Sep; 64(3):150-154.
  43. Silvestri G, Tanner N, Kearney P, Vachani A, Massion P, Porter A, Springmeyer S, Kenneth F, Midthun D, Mazzone P, Balaan M. "Assessment of Plasma Proteomics Biomarker’s Ability to Distinguish Benign From Malignant Lung Nodules Results of the PANOPTIC (Pulmonary Nodule Plasma Proteomic Classifier) Trial" CHEST 2018; 154(3):491-500
  44. Fasanya, A. Perspective: Sometimes less is more: Choose wisely. ACMS Bulletin, May 2018 pg. 184-185.
  45. Rali P, Gandhi V. Patient Information Series PE Management. American Thoracic Society. April 2018.
  46. Walsh T, DiSilvio B, Hammer C, Beg M,  Vishwanathan S, Speredelozzi D,  Moffa M, Hu K, Abdulmassih R, Makadia J, Sandhu R, Naddour M, Tompkins N,  Trienski T, Watson C, Obringer T, Kuzyck J, Bremmer D. Impact of Procalcitonin Guidance with an Educational Program on Management of Adults Hospitalized with Pneumonia. The American journal of medicine. 2018 Feb: 131(2):201.e1-201.e8 PMID 28947168.
  47. Bremmer DN, DiSilvio BE, Hammer C, Beg M, Vishwanathan S, Speredelozzi D, Moffa MA, Hu K, Abdulmassih R, Makadia JT, Sandhu R, Naddour M, Chan-Tompkins NH, Trienski TL, Watson C, Obringer TJ, Kuzyck J, Walsh TL. Impact of Procalcitonin guidance on management of adults hospitalized with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Journal of General Internal Medicine. Feb 2018.


  • 2021 ATS –  8 abstracts accepted
  • 2020 Chest – 9 abstracts accepted
  • 2019 ATS – 12 abstract presentations
  • 2019 SCCM – 5 abstract presentations
  • 2019 ACCP – 10 abstract presentations
  • 2018 ATS – 17 abstracts presentations
  • 2018 SCCM – 4 abstract presentations