Cardiologists and vascular surgeons at Allegheny Health Network (AHN) Cardiovascular Institute are leaders in using advanced diagnostic technology and minimally invasive procedures to diagnose and treat carotid artery disease and lower your stroke risk.
The carotid arteries are two large blood vessels that supply oxygen-rich blood to the front part of the brain. This part of the brain is responsible for speech, thinking, personality, and motor functions. The carotid arteries have a pulse that can be felt on each side of your neck. Carotid artery disease, also known as carotid artery stenosis, happens when these arteries accumulate fatty substances and develop atherosclerosis (hardening). Over time, the buildup of fatty substances narrows and blocks the carotid arteries.
In the early stages, a person may only have mild carotid artery disease. This is classified as an artery that has 15% to 49% blockage. Over time, this narrowing can progress and lead to stroke.
Symptoms of carotid artery disease, also referred to as carotid artery stenosis, aren’t typically present during the early stages. The condition may go undetected until it’s serious enough to cause a stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA).
Signs of a stroke or TIA include:
Life expectancy with a blocked carotid artery will depend on how narrow the artery is.
Our physicians use the most advanced imaging methods to get exceptional views of your heart. These diagnostic tools help determine the cause and severity of your condition. Your physician may order one or more of these tests:
This noninvasive test uses sound waves to produce pictures of the inside of your carotid arteries and detect plaque.
This scan uses radio waves and magnets to create detailed images and videos of your heart’s chambers, valves, and blood vessels in motion. Learn more about cardiovascular imaging.
Your physician injects a contrast dye into a vein in your arm or leg and takes X-ray images as the dye moves through the carotid arteries.
A series of X-rays taken from different angles provides detailed images of your heart.
Your physician injects a contrast dye into a vein in your arm or leg and uses a CT scan to monitor blood flow.
Your physician injects a contrast dye into a vein in your leg and uses magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology to check blood flow as the dye moves through your arteries and vessels.
Treatment for carotid artery disease depends on your specific health situation. Our team works with you to develop the most effective treatment plan. Learn more about carotid artery procedures.
Our team is known for providing exceptional heart disease care. Here, you benefit from:
We specialize in minimally invasive heart surgery techniques, including a catheter-based angioplasty and stenting procedure to open arteries. For you, this surgical approach means less pain, a faster return to daily activities, and reduced blood loss.
Our team taps the expertise of physicians from different fields. We develop a treatment plan specific to your health condition and needs. AHN participates in clinical trials for carotid artery stenting and new therapies at the Cardiovascular Research Institute.
At AHN, you receive top-notch medical care from a team of heart specialists with deep expertise in their fields. Our physicians work collaboratively to provide a prompt diagnosis and an effective treatment plan.
Carotid artery disease is a chronic, lifelong condition. As nutrition and exercise specialists, we can help you make lifestyle changes to improve your heart health at our cardiovascular rehabilitation program.
If you have a referral for a carotid artery procedure, call (412) NURSE-4-U (412) 687-7348 to schedule your procedure.