Vascular diseases include any conditions that affect your circulatory system of arteries, veins, and lymph vessels, such as:
Your aorta, the largest artery in your body, carries blood from your heart to the rest of your body. Aneurysms occur when blood pools in a weakened part of the aortic wall, causing a bulge.
Carotid arteries provide oxygen-rich blood to your brain. Plaque deposits made up of cholesterol, fat, and other substances can build up in your arteries causing atherosclerosis.
Peripheral arteries carry blood to your legs, arms, stomach, and head. People with PAD have a higher risk of heart attack, stroke, and other complications.
Varicose veins are enlarged, twisted veins. While any vein can become varicose, most people get them on their legs. In most cases, varicose veins are mainly a cosmetic concern; however, they can be a source of pain and discomfort in some people.
Renal failure, also known as kidney failure, occurs when the kidneys can no longer function on their own to filter waste out of your blood. This condition can occur over time or suddenly within a few hours. If left untreated, renal failure can lead to death.
Pulmonary vascular disease is used to describe any condition that affects the blood vessels traveling from the heart to the lungs and generally causes shortness of breath. In contrast, peripheral vascular disease is a blood circulation disorder that causes the blood vessels outside of your heart and brain to narrow, block, or spasm. This condition can cause pain and fatigue, especially in your legs.
Arterial and venous ulcers are two types of open sores that can be found on the body, but they often form on the legs or feet. Arterial ulcers are created from damage to the arteries due to lack of blood flow to the tissue. Venous ulcers develop from damage to the veins due to an inadequate flow of blood back to the heart. Both types of ulcers can take months to heal, and sometimes they don’t heal at all.
Common signs of vascular disease include:
Our prompt, accurate diagnosis enables you to start treatment sooner and see improvements faster. We offer:
We specialize in minimally invasive endovascular therapies to open clogged arteries. These procedures take place inside blood vessels via a catheter (thin, hollow tube). You may undergo an endovascular procedure if health problems or other factors make conventional surgery too risky. For you, a minimally invasive surgery means a faster return to daily activities, less pain, and reduced blood loss.
Our vascular team customizes a treatment plan based on your health condition and needs. You also have the opportunity to participate in clinical trials for new therapies at the Cardiovascular Research Institute.
PAD is a chronic, lifelong condition. You can work with our registered dietitians and certified exercise physiologists, as well as participate in our cardiovascular rehabilitation program, to you make healthy changes to protect your heart.
Our physicians are among the most experienced vascular specialists in the country. Your physician works collaboratively with leading cardiologists and other physicians to provide a prompt diagnosis and a targeted treatment plan.
Your physician may order one or more of these tests to make a diagnosis:
This test compares blood pressure readings in your ankles and arms to gauge how well blood is flowing to your limbs.
This test uses sound waves to show blood flow and blockages in arteries and veins.
During this procedure (also called an arteriogram), your physician injects a contrast dye into an artery and takes X-ray images as the dye moves through the artery.
Your physician injects a contrast dye into a vein in your arm or leg and uses a CT scan (series of X-rays) to monitor blood flow and check for carotid artery disease.
Your physician injects a contrast dye into a vein in your leg and uses magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology to check blood flow as the dye moves through your blood vessels. Learn more about cardiovascular imaging.
Treatment options for peripheral artery disease (PAD), peripheral vascular disease (PVD), varicose veins, atherosclerotic vascular disease, and other types of vascular disease include:
Your physician may recommend blood thinners, blood pressure medications, or cholesterol-lowering drugs to decrease your stroke risk.
Your physician takes healthy arteries or veins from another part of your body to create a graft that bypasses a blocked or narrowed artery. Learn more about bypass surgery.
This minimally invasive procedure takes place inside your arteries using a thin, hollow tube called a catheter inserted through the femoral artery in your groin. Endovascular therapy options for PAD include:
Your physician inflates and deflates a balloon on the tip of the catheter to open the artery. Next, your physician places a permanent stent, or small wire mesh tube, into the artery to keep it open.
We were the first in the region to offer the Lutonix® ** 035 drug-coated balloon catheter to open blocked arteries. This balloon device delivers blood clot-dissolving medication directly into a blocked artery using a single balloon inflation.
Lutonix is a registered trademark of BD BARD and is used with permission.