Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer for men. And when it’s detected early, there’s a much better chance of successful treatment.
Cancer screenings help identify prostate cancer in the earliest stages possible. Early treatment can prevent spread of the disease. There is increased risk among men who are over the age of 50, African Americans, those with a family history of prostate or related cancers, and those with inherited gene mutations.
Prostate cancer can be detected through several methods, including:
You have access to a wide array of treatment options depending on what you and your doctor determine is best for your unique situation. Learn more about prostate cancer treatments.
Caring for prostate cancer doesn’t end when your course of treatment is over. As a prostate cancer survivor, you may experience bladder control or sexual health issues. Learn more about continuing care that gets you back to your usual self.
BPH is a natural enlarging of the prostate, which is very common with age. About half of men in their 50s have an enlarged prostate, and up to 90% of men over age 80 have it. The prostate is typically the size of a walnut but can grow as large as an orange. This is a noncancerous condition, but it can result in difficulties with urination.
BPH symptoms may include:
BPH may be diagnosed through a variety of examinations and tests, including:
Lifestyle modifications. Some foods may irritate the bladder and should be avoided. These include coffee, tea, alcohol, soda, cocoa products, and acidic foods. Also, scheduling regular times to urinate can help — rather than holding it for prolonged periods of time.
Observation with clinical monitoring. This is best for men who aren’t bothered by their symptoms and are able to empty their bladder well.
Patients have access to surgical options for cases where medication is not effective or when they don’t want to take medication.
Your medical provider will discuss each option with you and determine which is best based on your symptoms and exam findings.